The Early Years Foundation Stage

What is the Early Years Foundation Stage?

This is the Curriculum for Early Years children aged between 0 and 5 years. The EYFS is organised into 7 areas of learning with a strong emphasis on active learning, play and exploration and creating and thinking critically. For each area of learning there is a set of ‘developmental stages’ and ‘early learning outcomes’ which most children are expected to achieve by the end of the EYFS (Reception). The staff plan the curriculum to ensure the children make good progress towards the goals. 

Pupils experience a range of activities indoors and outdoors, whatever the weather to develop skills, knowledge and independence; they learn actively within a strong routine. Children will bring home regular information about what they are learning through weekly newsletters.

You can find out more about the curriculum your child is following and what you can do with your child at home at:  

The 3 Prime Areas of Learning

Communication and Language

Listening and Attention: Children learn to listen to each other and adults, individually as well as in small and large groups. They listen and join in with stories and rhymes every day with enjoyment and demonstrate relevant responses.

Understanding: Children develop understanding of language through their play and exploration they respond to questions, they explore, predict, explain, describe… They learn to follow instructions to extend their learning.

Speaking: Children are given a rich range of real experiences and activities to talk about. They take part in planning and recall activities enabling them to discuss past experiences and plan for the future.

Physical Development

Moving and Handling: learning and improving skills of coordination, control, manipulation and movement - both large and small - e.g. climbing, jumping and using pencils and scissors.

Health and self-care: Children learn about the importance of good health, physical exercise and healthy diet. They enjoy the outdoor environment every day through a wide range of play activities. They will learn to manage their own hygiene and personal needs, e.g. through hand washing and healthy snacks.

Personal, Social and Emotional Development (PSED)

Making relationships: Laurance Haines provides a happy, safe and secure environment where children feel valued and respected. Children form positive relationships and learn to work and play together cooperatively.

Self-confidence and self-awareness: We provide an environment where children grow in independence and are excited about learning. They learn to speak in a group, to express their ideas and to make choices.

Managing feelings and behaviour: Children learn about their emotions and the feelings of others. They will use appropriate behaviour, turn take and share.

The 4 Specific Areas of Learning


In the EYFS children’s mathematical understanding develops through active learning, play and exploration. They use the indoor and outdoor environments, stories, songs, cooking and games to develop this understanding.

Number: Children will learn to count reliably, order numbers, calculate, problem solve and use mathematical language.

Shape, space and measure: Children will learn about weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money. They will explore, recognise, create and describe patterns and shapes.


Phonics: For both reading and writing, children will develop phonic knowledge that will enable them to decode, read and write words through the Read, Write Inc. Programme. Phonics takes place through a range of learning experiences e.g. listening activities, songs, rhymes, mnemonics and playing with language throughout the EYFS.

Reading: Children will learn the skills they need to be a reader and to love books through the Read, Write Inc. programme and throughout the school day.  Sounds and books taught across the day are brought home to be read with key adults.  They also borrow books to be read to them at home and enjoy daily stories at school. They will become familiar with print and talk about their reading.

Writing: All attempts at writing will be encouraged with children starting with their own names and words of interest to them. They will write what is meaningful to them and be able to read it.

Understanding the World

In a rich, active learning environment, children are challenged to learn about themselves and others, and the world in which they live.

Expressive Arts and Design

Exploring and using media and materials; children will sing, make music and dance. They will have daily opportunities to use a wide range of tools, techniques and materials creatively and safely. Children are encouraged and supported to express themselves imaginatively through all media.

Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND)

Laurance Haines welcomes all children, and parents are encouraged to inform the school of any SENDs as soon as possible. Parents are welcome to visit the school to see the facilities and share their concerns with the Headteacher or Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator (SENCO).

Learning in the classroom environment takes many forms. As well as direct teaching through small group and whole class activities, the children develop deeper learning through opportunities to play. The classroom (inside and out) is set up with continuous provision. This includes activities that cover all areas of the curriculum and the children access these independently.

You can find out more about the curriculum your child is following, and what you can do with your child at home on the following websites.

You can find out more about the curriculum your child is following, and what you can do with your child at home on the following websites: