Phonological Memory

Phonological memory involves both processing and storage of sounds in words.  It is critical in the early stages of reading and writing.

Phonological memory can be supported by developing strategies to compensate for the underlying phonological weakness.

Break words into bigger units, using chunking.  For example the word yesterday can be broken into 3 syllables e.g. yes/ ter/ day which can make it easier to remember for blending and spelling.  Word 'families' can also be taught using chunks through onset and rime e.g. bl/ ack.  This also makes it easier to generalise spellings.

Teach learners how to use rehearsal e.g. saying words or sounds over and over again while they are working out the sounds that they need to manipulate.

Encourage learners to use their visual memory, although this is easier for some children than others.  There is guidance on how to use this strategy in your LINK file on pages 19 and 20 of the link document.